ChatGPT and Foundation Models: The Future of the AI-Assisted Workplace
By Yuri Brigance
The rise of generative models such as ChatGPT and Stable Diffusion has generated a lot of discourse about the future of work and the AI-assisted workplace. There is tremendous excitement about the awesome new capabilities such technology promises, as well as concerns over losing jobs to automation. Let’s look at where we are today, how we can leverage these new AI-generated text technologies to supercharge productivity, and what changes they may signal to a modern workplace.
Will ChatGPT Take Away Your Job?
That’s the question on everyone’s mind. AI can generate images, music, text, and code. Does this mean that your job as a designer, developer, or copywriter is about to be automated? Well, yes. Your job will be automated in the sense that it is about to become a lot more efficient, but you’ll still be in the driver’s seat.
First, not all automation is bad. Before personal computers became mainstream, taxes were completed with pen and paper. Did modern tax software put accountants out of business? Not at all. It made their job easier by automating repetitive, boring, and boilerplate tasks. Tax accountants are now more efficient than ever and can focus on mastering tax law rather than wasting hours pushing paper. They handle more complicated tax cases, those personalized and tailored to you or your business. Similarly, it’s fair to assume that these new generative AI tools will augment creative jobs and make them more efficient and enjoyable, not supplant them altogether.
Second, generative models are trained on human-created content. This ruffles many feathers, especially those in the creative industry whose art is being used as training data without the artist’s explicit permission, allowing the model to replicate their unique artistic style. Stability.ai plans to address this problem by enabling artists to opt out of having their work be part of the dataset, but realistically there is no way to guarantee compliance and no definitive way to prove whether your art is still being used to train models. But this does open interesting opportunities. What if you licensed your style to an AI company? If you are a successful artist and your work is in demand, there could be a future where you license your work to be used as training data and get paid any time a new image is generated based on your past creations. It is possible that responsible AI creators can calculate the level of gradient updates during training, and the percentage of neuron activation associated to specific samples of data to calculate how much of your licensed art was used by the model to generate an output. Just like Spotify pays a small fee to the musician every time someone plays one of their songs, or how websites like Flaticon.com pay a fee to the designer every time one of their icons is downloaded. Long story short, it is likely that soon we’ll see more strict controls over how training datasets are constructed regarding licensed work vs public domain.
Let’s look at some positive implications of this AI-assisted workplace and technology as it relates to a few creative roles and how this technology can streamline certain tasks.
As a UI designer, when designing web and mobile interfaces you likely spend significant time searching for stock imagery. The images must be relevant to the business, have the right colors, allow for some space for text to be overlaid, etc. Some images may be obscure and difficult to find. Hours could be spent finding the perfect stock image. With AI, you can simply generate an image based on text prompts. You can ask the model to change the lighting and colors. Need to make room for a title? Use inpainting to clear an area of the image. Need to add a specific item to the image, like an ice cream cone? Show AI where you want it, and it’ll seamlessly blend it in. Need to look up complementary RGB/HEX color codes? Ask ChatGPT to generate some combinations for you.
Will this put photographers out of business? Most likely not. New devices continue to come out, and they need to be incorporated into the training data periodically. If we are clever about licensing such assets for training purposes, you might end up making more revenue than before, since AI can use a part of your image and pay you a partial fee for each request many times a day, rather than having one user buy one license at a time. Yes, work needs to be done to enable this functionality, so it is important to bring this up now and work toward a solution that benefits everyone. But generative models trained today will be woefully outdated in ten years, so the models will continue to require fresh human-generated real-world data to keep them relevant. AI companies will have a competitive edge if they can license high-quality datasets, and you never know which of your images the AI will use – you might even figure out which photos to take more of to maximize that revenue stream.
An example of asking ChatGPT how to use Python decorators. The text and example code snippet is very informative.
For copywriters, it can be difficult to overcome the writer’s block of not knowing where to start or how to conclude an article. Sometimes it’s challenging to concisely describe a complicated concept. ChatGPT can be helpful in this regard, especially as a tool to quickly look up clarifying information about a topic. Though caution is justified as demonstrated recently by Stephen Wolfram, CEO of Wolfram Alpha who makes a compelling argument that ChatGPT’s answers should not always be taken at face value.. So doing your own research is key. That being the case, OpenAI’s model usually provides a good starting point at explaining a concept, and at the very least it can provide pointers for further research. But for now, writers should always verify their answers. Let’s also be reminded that ChatGPT has not been trained on any new information created after the year 2021, so it is not aware of new developments on the war in Ukraine, current inflation figures, or the recent fluctuations of the stock market, for example.
Foundation models like ChatGPT and Stable Diffusion can augment and streamline workflows, and they are still far from being able to directly threaten a job. They are useful tools that are far more capable than narrowly focused deep learning models, and they require a degree of supervision and caution. Will these models become even better 5-10 years from now? Undoubtedly so. And by that time, we might just get used to them and have several years of experience working with these AI agents, including their quirks and bugs.
There is one important thing to take away about Foundation Models and the future of the AI-assisted workplace: today they are still very expensive to train. They are not connected to the internet and can’t consume information in real-time, in online incremental training mode. There is no database to load new data into, which means that to incorporate new knowledge, the dataset must grow to encapsulate recent information, and the model must be fine-tuned or re-trained from scratch on this larger dataset. It’s difficult to verify that the model outputs factually correct information since the training dataset is unlabeled and the training procedure is not fully supervised. There are interesting open source alternatives on the horizon (such as the U-Net-based StableDiffusion), and techniques to fine-tune portions of the larger model to a specific task at hand, but those are more narrowly focused, require a lot of tinkering with hyperparameters, and generally out of scope for this particular article.
It is difficult to predict exactly where foundation models will be in five years and how they will impact the AI-assisted workplace since the field of machine learning is rapidly evolving. However, it is likely that foundation models will continue to improve in terms of their accuracy and ability to handle more complex tasks. For now, though, it feels like we still have a bit of time before seriously worrying about losing our jobs to AI. We should take advantage of this opportunity to hold important conversations now to ensure that the future development of such systems maintains an ethical trajectory.
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